Eicosanoids and the Gastrointestinal Tract: Advances in Eicosanoid Research

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Although further studies are required to elucidate the mechanism behind this phenomenon, the alterations described here may represent a novel biomarker candidate panel in IBS that is especially needed given the current reliance on a symptom-based diagnostic scheme. The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Sandra Barry, Ms. Neasa O'Leary, Mr. Srinivas Suda, and Mr. David Russell for their contributions to the study.

Previous Section Next Section. Subjects Female patients were recruited from a university database of IBS patients.

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Trial protocol A total of 67 subjects, 41 patients with IBS and 26 healthy, sex-matched controls of comparable age and BMI, gave fully informed consent to take part in this study, which had local ethics committee approval. Assessments On arrival at the clinical investigation laboratory at Sample collection Whole blood was collected at Eicosanoid analysis PGE 2 and LTB 4 were measured in serum from a reduced subject group of the trial subjects outlined above.

View this table: In this window In a new window. TABLE 1. Arachidonic acid levels Plasma AA concentrations were significantly elevated in IBS patients compared with controls 8. Previous Section. Ersryd A. Medline Google Scholar. Quigley E. Changing face of irritable bowel syndrome. World J.

Review ARTICLE

Spiller R. Irritable bowel syndrome. Boyce P. Irritable bowel syndrome according to varying diagnostic criteria: are the new Rome II criteria unnecessarily restrictive for research and practice? CrossRef Medline Google Scholar.

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Drossman D. AGA technical review on irritable bowel syndrome. Fass R.


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Evidence- and consensus-based practice guidelines for the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome. Gilkin R. The spectrum of irritable bowel syndrome: a clinical review. Clarke G. Irritable bowel syndrome: towards biomarker identification. Trends Mol. Ringel Y. Irritable bowel syndrome: classification and conceptualization. Van Oudenhove L. Central nervous system involvement in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Best Pract. Dinan T.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-gut axis dysregulation in irritable bowel syndrome: plasma cytokines as a potential biomarker? Irritable bowel syndrome—the new inflammatory bowel disease? Macsharry J. Mucosal cytokine imbalance in irritable bowel syndrome. Calder P. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and inflammation. Chain reactions: early-life stress alters the metabolic profile of plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids in adulthood.

Behavioural Brain Res. Flower R. Controlling inflammation: a fat chance? Mills S. The potential interactions between polyunsaturated fatty acids and colonic inflammatory processes. Das U. Beneficial effect s of n-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular diseases: but, why and how?

Prostaglandins Leukot. Fatty Acids. Investigating the inflammatory phenotype of major depression: focus on cytokines and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

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Omega-3 fatty acids for major depressive disorder during pregnancy: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Simopoulos A. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammatory processes and inflammatory bowel diseases.

Food Res. Eberhart C. Eicosanoids and the gastrointestinal tract. Bagga D. Differential effects of prostaglandin derived from omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on COX-2 expression and IL-6 secretion. Enhanced cholinergic-mediated increase in the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 in irritable bowel syndrome: role of muscarinic receptors. Liebregts T. Immune activation in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Progress in Lipid Research.

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Insect Biochemistry. Toxicology Letters. BMC Genomics. Genome Biology. Hutchinson TH: Reproductive and developmental effects of endocrine disrupters in invertebrates: in vitro and in vivo approaches. JGI Genome Portal.


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